What kind of coffee drinks do you order frequently at the coffee shop? Even though it is based on the same thing, the different ways of the presentation will certainly make it taste different too. These various offerings might be tempting and make you want to taste them one at a time.
How to enjoy drinks brewed from this magical seed also varies. You can enjoy it at the store or make it yourself at home. Just so you know and know what the composition is and how to make it, coffee can be enjoyed anywhere.
To add to your insights, we present information about the types of coffee drinks that are popular today. Hopefully, it can help you to not only drink coffee but also to get closer and get to know the drinks that you sip.
Types of Espresso Based Coffee Beverages that You Need to Know
Most coffee shops have espresso machines that are usually behind bars. The machine is the main weapon for making delicious and varied coffee offerings. The following are the types of espresso-based coffee drinks that you need to recognize.
Espresso is coffee extracted using a high-pressure brewing machine. The results of steeping black thick and there are crema on the surface. Crema is a chocolate foam that fills the surface of a cup of espresso as well as a marker of brewed coffee that is still fresh.
The name means from Italian which means express or fast. Therefore, the Italians used to enjoy it in a short time.
Espresso is made without any additives and served only around 30-45 ml. This type of beverage is the foundation for making other espresso-based drinks.
A cup of espresso is usually also called one-shot or single shot. In addition to one-shot, this drink also comes in several size variants, one of which is ristretto.
Ristretto is a drink whose contents are only half of the espresso. The dose of coffee is the same, but with a smaller dose of water. The serving size in one cup is only about 15-20 ml.
In contrast to ristretto, lungo adds a dose of water to one dose of espresso. This makes the extraction process even longer. A cup of lungo is served around 130-170 ml.
Unlike lungo, doppio is twice the size of espresso. Doppio is usually served 60 ml in one cup. People who want to order doppio sometimes also call it a double shot.
If the espresso is too thick and bitter, you can add it with hot water. Espresso with additional hot water is called americano.
It is said that the name americano is taken from a joke or ridicule. Starting from the Americans who asked for their espresso to be made thinner, the name americano was used to refer to the coffee drinks.
6. Long Black
A long black is a dish that is almost the same as americano. The composition is the same, namely espresso and hot water. The difference is very simple, that is just brewing.
Americano is served by adding hot water on the espresso. While long black is adding espresso on hot water.
The most obvious characteristic of a long black is the presence of crema. An americano, crema is almost non-existent because it is split by a splash of hot water.
The composition of a latte is espresso which is then mixed with steam or heated milk with steam. Steam heated milk will be thicker and form foam, foam, or froth. Thick milk is often used as the creation of coffee drinks by baristas and is called latte art.
Cappuccino is actually almost the same as a latte. The difference is, the composition of the milk is less and the foaming froth is thicker. A comparison of cappuccino composition is one-third espresso, one-third steamed milk, and one-third milk foam.
Just like a latte and cappuccino, macchiato consists of espresso and milk. Macchiato in Italian means sign or spotting. Spots in question are milk foam that afflicts espresso, or vice versa, the espresso that afflicts milk.
More than two types of macchiato, namely latte macchiato (if more than the recommended espresso milk) and Caffe macchiato (if the milk is small and served in small cups). Latte macchiato is usually served cold while Caffe macchiato is usually served hot in small cups.
Mochaccino is a combination of espresso, steamed milk, and chocolate. This drink is also often referred to as mocha, mocha, and café mocha. Its name is taken from a historical city in Yemen, as well as the port where coffee was first made a world trade, namely Mocha.
Affogato is an espresso dish with one or two scoops of ice cream. Altered, the ice cream used is typical Italian ice cream, namely gelato.
Yes, this unique coffee drink comes from Italy. In Italian, affogato means drowning. Perhaps, the purpose of the naming is that the gelato is contained in a glass of espresso.
12. Con Panna
Con Panna is a type of coffee drink consisting of espresso and whipped cream. Sometimes, an orangutan gets bored with the bitter pain caused by a cup of espresso. Therefore, they add cream in added.
13. Black Eyes
If you like great coffee, a presumably a black eye is a right solution. Unlike americano which contains espresso with the addition of hot air, black eyes use black coffee in addition to its espresso. The black coffee can be made using percolator or by manual method.
This type of drink has many names in several countries, red eyes, coffee with espresso, injections in the dark, even eye-openers. Maybe the thick and strong type of coffee drink is efficacious to make the eyes literate when drowsiness struck.
Popular Types of Manual Brew Coffee Drinks
There are so many types of coffee drinks, not only seen from its composition but also how it is brewed. Not only the type of espresso drinks but coffee extracted without machines are also much popular with the public. This type of non-espresso coffee drink is often also referred to as a manual brew coffee.
Some manual brew techniques are in fact no less popular with other types of espresso coffee drinks. Although the results of steeping by manual brew method is not as thick as espresso whose surface is covered with thick crema. Especially for the idealist connoisseurs about the coffee, he drinks, from the type, origin of the area, postharvest processes, and how to brew.
Presumably, the manual brew is a coffee menu in a cafe that has its own charm. The brewing process, which takes longer, makes the coffee even more special. There is a special magical effect that makes people more appreciative and makes sense of the coffee they drink.
The following are the types of manual brew coffee drinks that are popular among coffee lovers. Not only can you enjoy it in the coffee shop, but you can also make it at home.
1. Coffee Tubruk
Etymologically, tubruk is the Indonesian language taken from Javanese which means hit or hit. As the name suggests, how to make a brewed coffee is only left exposed to hot water without specific tools. The brewed coffee method was also popular as one of the manual brews on the world coffee scene.
Unlike espresso which is drunk immediately, brewed coffee tends to be more enjoyable to drink casually. Most Indonesians usually enjoy it while chatting with friends or other closest people. That way, it is not only the coffee that is siphoned but also the philosophical meanings of each chat.
Tubruk coffee is a beverage with coffee grounds settling at the bottom of a glass commonly called pulp. Because the coffee powder has been submerged for a long time, the taste has certainly changed. This provides a fun coffee experience.
Pour over is a brewing technique by flowing air into the coffee powder and then boiling water into a serving glass. This method requires a filter and dripper as a filter as well as a container to maximize the dissolution process between coffee grounds and air. Conceptually, pour in percolation techniques, whichever is produced from the flow of air that escapes the dissolved substance then is filtered.
Coffee produced by steeping has a clear taste. Although crema is rarely created on its surface, the results of the steeping pour on top are still rich in aroma and taste.
To make this type of coffee drink, namely Chemex and V60. Related to need filter paper to change the coffee powder.
If you want to occasionally taste or make your coffee drink pour-over, you need a tool called a dripper and filter paper. One of the popular dripper used and widely available in coffee shops is V60.
This dripper was created in Tokyo, Japan in 2004 by a company called Hario. Because the shape resembles the letter “v” with an angle of 60 °, it is named V60. Available in a variety of materials, including glass, plastic, and ceramics.
V60 steeping results tend to be mild and not concentrated. You will not encounter thick crema like the one in espresso. However, the sour taste and aroma produced are very maximal.
Unlike the V60, Chemex is not a dripper. Chemex is made of borosilicate glass. The shape resembles an Erlenmeyer flask that is in a chemical laboratory.
The surface of Chemex is wider and serves to hold the filter paper filled with coffee grounds. Technically, the brewing method and the results of steeping are almost the same as the V60 and another pour-over method.
3. Vietnamese Drip
Vietnam in the world of coffee is famous for its milk coffee drinks made using Vietnam dripper. This drink has many nicknames in various places, including Vietnamese iced coffee, coffee drip, and Vietnamese drip. The Vietnamese themselves call this drink cà phê đá.
Vietnamese dripper is a filter that resembles a small glass where coffee grounds are brewed. The filter or dripper is placed on a glass that has been filled with sweetened condensed milk. The brewing method has a pour-over concept, which is steeping water will flow slowly through the coffee grounds and eventually fall into the glass underneath.
Coffee extract results that have been mixed with milk are generally served cold by adding ice cubes. Apart from being served cold, some people also like to enjoy this Vietnamese coffee while it’s warm. If you are on vacation in this country, precisely on the streets of Ho Chi Minh, hot Vietnamese coffee drinks are served with a shot of fresh green tea.
4. Plunger or Press
Another manual brew method that is popular in cafes is the plunger or press method. Although it requires pressure (press), the pressure is not as strong as a machine or an espresso maker.
Types of coffee drinks produced by this method are very different from espresso coffee drinks. Just a little crema and the character is not as thick as espresso.
There are at least two popular tools for making types of coffee with the plunger method, namely the French Press, and AeroPress. French Press relies on a plunger to press coffee grounds to the bottom after brewing. Thus, coffee extract can be poured into a cup and enjoyed with friends without any pulp left in the glass.
While AeroPress is a tool created by Aerobie, which originally produced sports toys. The brewing method is by pressing the plunger. Hot water will press the coffee grounds and pass through a filter and then fall into the glass.
Maybe you’ve seen a tool that resembles tubes like the one in the laboratory when visiting a coffee shop. The tool is a vacuum pot or also called a siphon. This tool may not be as popular as other coffee makers because it tends to be complicated.
This tool consists of two tubes and one heater. The upper tube is for the coffee extraction process, while the lower tube is for water as well as the extraction results.
The coffee powder will be brewed with water from the bottom tube which rises to the top tube because it is heated. After the extraction process is complete, turn off the heater. Drinking water will also go down to the bottom of the tube.
6. Moka Pot
If you want to make your espresso at home but don’t have enough budget to buy an espresso machine, Moka pots are the solution. This traditional Italian coffee maker was created by Alfonso Bialetti in 1933.
Like making espresso with a machine, this tool also relies on the pressure to extract the coffee. The process of extracting this tool may be said to be included in the location technique. However, high pressure makes the results of steeping as thick as espresso.
7. Cold Brew
Another type of coffee drink that is processed uniquely is cold brew. The name cold brew refers to the extraction process, which uses cold water.
Cold-brew is different from iced coffee. This drink is made without using hot water at all. While iced coffee is made by brewing coffee first using hot water, then ice cubes are added.
How to make cold brew is certainly not the same as brewing with hot water. Cold brew is made by soaking coffee grounds in a closed container or bottle. The coffee soak is then stored in the refrigerator for about 8-20 hours according to taste, the longer the time the more concentrated the coffee.
The acidity level of cold brew coffee tends to be lower than coffee brewed with hot water. This makes it popular with ulcer sufferers and those who have sensitive stomachs.
Choose Manual Brew or Espresso Based?
Similarly, the types of coffee drinks that you need to recognize. Approximately, which one is your favorite? Is it more inclined to manual brew or espresso-based?
There are no exact parameters to measure which dish is better. Everything returns to taste, and the wisest way to judge whether a coffee dish is delicious or not is to sip it.
Going to a coffee shop is fun because you can enjoy a special coffee brew. However, being a barista at home is no less fun, at least being able to make brewed coffee. It’s an incomparable pleasure to have coffee while chatting casually with family or friends at home.
Don’t forget to visit encycofedia.com. There is a lot of interesting information about the world of coffee.